Alabanda

Alabanda, located about 7 kilometres west of the present town of Çine in the Aydin province, was founded in the fourth century BC. The city was said to derive its name from the hero Alabandus, who allegedly got his name after winning a horse race. Alabanda is a combination of the Carian words ala (meaning horse) and banda (meaning victory).

Excavations carried out in the 20th century have brought to light the foundations of two temples, a Hellenistic theatre, a rectangular bouleuterion and a gymnasium-bath complex.

Doric Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, built in the 3rd century BC, Alabanda (or Antiochia of the Chrysaorians), Caria, Turkey

Coordinates: 37° 35′ 30″ N, 27° 59′ 8″ E

Alabanda in Caria

The first of these temples is the Temple of Apollo Isotimos. It was built in the second century BC in the Ionic order and had thirteen white marble columns on each side and eight at the front and back. Four slabs of a frieze depicting a battle between the Greeks and the Amazons (Amazonomachy) were found at this site as well as an inscription indicating that the temple was rededicated to Apollo Isotimos and the Divine Emperors in Imperial times.

The second temple stood on the slope of the hill, a little above the plain. It was Doric in style with six columns on its short sides and eleven on its long sides. It was commonly known as the Temple of Artemis after a figurine of Artemis-Hekate was found on the site, but in 2011 a group of excavators discovered an altar with a labrys (doubleheaded axe), an attribute of the Carian god Zeus Chrysaoreus (Zeus of the golden sword) which identifies the building as a temple dedicated to this god.

PORTFOLIO

The Hellenistic theate, located on a natural south-facing hillside, in the 4th century AD repairs were made using block rocks from the Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, Alabanda, Caria, Turkey
The Hellenistic theatre, located on a natural south-facing hillside, in the 4th century AD repairs were made using block rocks from the Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus.
The Hellenistic theate, located on a natural south-facing hillside, in the 4th century AD repairs were made using block rocks from the Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, Alabanda, Caria, Turkey
The Hellenistic theatre, located on a natural south-facing hillside, in the 4th century AD repairs were made using block rocks from the Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus.
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The Doric Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, built in the 3rd century BC.
The Doric Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, built in the Doric style with six columns on its short sides and eleven on its long sides.
Altar with a labrys (doubleheaded axe), an attribute of the Carian god Zeus Chrysaoreus (Zeus of the golden sword).
Altar with a labrys (doubleheaded axe), an attribute of the Carian god Zeus Chrysaoreus (Zeus of the golden sword).
The ruins of the Ionic Temple of Apollo Isotimos, built in the 2nd century BC, Alabanda (or Antiochia of the Chrysaorians), Caria, Turkey
The ruins of the Ionic Temple of Apollo Isotimos, built in the 2nd century BC.
The Late Hellenitic Bouleulerion (concil house), the interior of the building has a rectangular plan measuring 36x36 meters, Alabanda, Caria, Turkey
The Late Hellenistic Bouleulerion (council house), the interior of the building has a rectangular plan measuring 36×36 meters.
The Late Hellenitic Bouleulerion (concil house), the interior of the building has a rectangular plan measuring 36x36 meters, Alabanda, Caria, Turkey
The Late Hellenistic Bouleulerion (council house).

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Alinda

Alinda was an ancient inland city in Caria, located near the site of ancient Alabanda in western Turkey. Alinda is where the famous encounter between Alexander the Great and Ada of Caria occurred in 334 BC. With this event, Alinda made a dramatic appearance in the history of Caria. Alinda is recorded in Byzantine lists of bishoprics and is now a Latin Catholic titular bishopric.

Coordinates: 37° 33′ 30″ N, 27° 49′ 25″ E

Alabanda in Caria

The ruins of Alinda are situated on a hilltop overlooking a fertile plain above the village of Karpuzlu. Several parts of the city walls, the theatre and some of the towers are in good state of preservation, but the most outstanding of Alinda’s ruins are the remains of its massive Hellenistic Agora. It is over 90 meters long and was originally composed of three storeys, of which the lower two are well-preserved.

The Hellenistic theatre, retaining two galleries and most of its seats, is also in a good state of preservation but mostly overrun by vegetation and olive trees. Facing south, the theatre gives an outstanding view over Karpuzlu and the valley below. It had a seating capacity of approximately 5,000 people.

At the summit of the hill stand an imposing two-storey Hellenistic watchtower, the foundations of a small temple as well as substantial remains of a Roman aqueduct supported by four arches.

PORTFOLIO

The Hellenistic three-storey Agora of Alinda, Caria, Turkey
The south hall of the Hellenistic three-storey Agora of Alinda.
The Hellenistic three-storey Agora of Alinda, Caria, Turkey
The interior of the south hall of the Hellenistic Agora. The lower part of the building was probably filled with small shops.
Above them a long line of columns still survives dividing up what was originally a second storey; how this floor was used is unknown.
Above the first storey a long line of columns still survives dividing up what was originally a second storey.
View of Alinda's lower town with the Agora and the western analemma ( retaining wall) of the theatre in the foreground.
View of Alinda’s lower town with the Agora and the western analemma ( retaining wall) of the theatre in the foreground.
The ruins of the early 2nd century BC theatre, Alinda, Caria, Turkey
The ruins of the Hellenistic Theatre that has yet to be excavated.
The retaining wall of the cavea of the Hellenistic Theatre with the arched entrance leading to the diazoma.
The retaining wall of the cavea of the Hellenistic Theatre with the arched entrance leading to the diazoma.
The retaining wall of the cavea of the Hellenistic Theatre.
The retaining wall of the cavea of the Hellenistic Theatre.
The arched entrance leading to the diazoma of the Hellenistic Theatre.
The arched entrance leading to the diazoma of the Hellenistic Theatre.
The foundations of the small temple located on the highest elevation of the lower town.
The foundations of the small temple located on the highest elevation of the lower town.
The Hellenistic city walls.
The Hellenistic city walls.
The Hellenistic city walls.
The Hellenistic city walls.
The Two-storey Hellenistic watchtower.
The Two-storey Hellenistic watchtower.
The Two-storey Hellenistic watchtower, Alinda, Caria, Turkey
The Two-storey Hellenistic watchtower.
The 45 meter section of the Roman aqueduct of Alinda with 4 remaining arches, Alinda, Caria, Turkey
The 45 meter section of the Roman aqueduct of Alinda with 4 remaining arches.
The 45 meter section of the Roman aqueduct of Alinda with 4 remaining arches, Alinda, Caria, Turkey
The 45 meter section of the Roman aqueduct of Alinda with 4 remaining arches.
The aqueduct and sarcophagus from the late Classical necropolis.
The aqueduct and sarcophagi from the late Classical necropolis.
Over the arches of the aqueduct is the water channel, with some of its covering stones still in position.
Over the arches of the aqueduct is the water channel, with some of its covering stones still in position.

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