Alabanda

Alabanda, located about 7 kilometres west of the present town of Çine in the Aydin province, was founded in the fourth century BC. The city was said to derive its name from the hero Alabandus, who allegedly got his name after winning a horse race. Alabanda is a combination of the Carian words ala (meaning horse) and banda (meaning victory).

Excavations carried out in the 20th century have brought to light the foundations of two temples, a Hellenistic theatre, a rectangular bouleuterion and a gymnasium-bath complex.

Doric Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, built in the 3rd century BC, Alabanda (or Antiochia of the Chrysaorians), Caria, Turkey

Coordinates: 37° 35′ 30″ N, 27° 59′ 8″ E

Alabanda in Caria

The first of these temples is the Temple of Apollo Isotimos. It was built in the second century BC in the Ionic order and had thirteen white marble columns on each side and eight at the front and back. Four slabs of a frieze depicting a battle between the Greeks and the Amazons (Amazonomachy) were found at this site as well as an inscription indicating that the temple was rededicated to Apollo Isotimos and the Divine Emperors in Imperial times.

The second temple stood on the slope of the hill, a little above the plain. It was Doric in style with six columns on its short sides and eleven on its long sides. It was commonly known as the Temple of Artemis after a figurine of Artemis-Hekate was found on the site, but in 2011 a group of excavators discovered an altar with a labrys (doubleheaded axe), an attribute of the Carian god Zeus Chrysaoreus (Zeus of the golden sword) which identifies the building as a temple dedicated to this god.

PORTFOLIO

The Hellenistic theate, located on a natural south-facing hillside, in the 4th century AD repairs were made using block rocks from the Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, Alabanda, Caria, Turkey
The Hellenistic theatre, located on a natural south-facing hillside, in the 4th century AD repairs were made using block rocks from the Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus.
The Hellenistic theate, located on a natural south-facing hillside, in the 4th century AD repairs were made using block rocks from the Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, Alabanda, Caria, Turkey
The Hellenistic theatre, located on a natural south-facing hillside, in the 4th century AD repairs were made using block rocks from the Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus.
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The Doric Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, built in the 3rd century BC.
The Doric Temple of Zeus Chrysaoreus, built in the Doric style with six columns on its short sides and eleven on its long sides.
Altar with a labrys (doubleheaded axe), an attribute of the Carian god Zeus Chrysaoreus (Zeus of the golden sword).
Altar with a labrys (doubleheaded axe), an attribute of the Carian god Zeus Chrysaoreus (Zeus of the golden sword).
The ruins of the Ionic Temple of Apollo Isotimos, built in the 2nd century BC, Alabanda (or Antiochia of the Chrysaorians), Caria, Turkey
The ruins of the Ionic Temple of Apollo Isotimos, built in the 2nd century BC.
The Late Hellenitic Bouleulerion (concil house), the interior of the building has a rectangular plan measuring 36x36 meters, Alabanda, Caria, Turkey
The Late Hellenistic Bouleulerion (council house), the interior of the building has a rectangular plan measuring 36×36 meters.
The Late Hellenitic Bouleulerion (concil house), the interior of the building has a rectangular plan measuring 36x36 meters, Alabanda, Caria, Turkey
The Late Hellenistic Bouleulerion (council house).

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  1. Pingback: Alinda – following hadrian photography

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