Labraunda

Labraunda is the home of the Sanctuary of Zeus Labraundos and is located in the mountains overlooking the plain of Milas. It was one of the most important sanctuaries in Caria, especially in the 4th century BC when King Mausolus, the satrap of Caria, made Labraunda his family sanctuary.

Coordinates: 37° 25′ 8″ N, 27° 49′ 13″ E

Labraunda

The cult of Zeus Labraundos, whose attribute was the double-headed axe, may have originated in the 7th century BC at a spring just above the temple terrace. It is quite possible that Labraunda was first seen as a sacred place because of the remarkable rock above the sanctuary. It has the appearance of having been split in two by a thunderbolt. Moreover, the sacred spring is located just below the split rock.

The site was situated on a rather steep slope so the buildings were constructed on a series of five artificial terraces. It was linked to the city of Mylasa (modern Milas) by a 7.5 m wide, paved Sacred Way. A 5-day long sacrificial feast was celebrated here every year.

The remains, dating to the 5th century BC and 1st century AD, include the Temple of Zeus, two large Andrones (ceremonial dining halls), two stoas, two Roman baths, several priests’ residences, and a nymphaeum.

PORTFOLIO

The Sanctuary of Zeus Labraundos, Labraunda, Caria, Turkey
The Sanctuary of Zeus Labraundos.
The ruins of the Temple of Zeus built in the 4th century BC.
The ruins of the Temple of Zeus built in the 4th century BC.
The Temple of Zeus, built in the 4th century BC, Labraunda, Caria, Turkey
The Temple of Zeus, built in the 4th century BC.
The ruins of Andron B erected by Mausollos (377-352 BC), it had two Ionic columns and a Doric frieze with triglyphs.
The ruins of Andron B (banqueting hall) erected by Mausollos (377-352 BC), it had two Ionic columns and a Doric frieze with triglyphs.
Andron B (banqueting hall).
Andron B (banqueting hall).
The second banqueting hall (the so-called Andron A), presumably built by Idrieus (351-344 BC).
The second banqueting hall (the so-called Andron A), presumably built by Idrieus (351-344 BC).
Andron A.
Andron A (banqueting hall).

The North Wall of the Propylon area and the monumental staircase leading up from the entrance, Labraunda, Caria, Turkey
The North Wall of the Propylon area and the monumental staircase leading up from the entrance.
The Well-house with three low gneiss columns with simple Doric marble capitals, note the huge Split Rock in the background which may have been the inspiration for the establishment of the cult to the Carian sky god, Labraunda, Caria, Turkey
The Well-house with three low gneiss columns with simple Doric marble capitals, note the huge Split Rock in the background which may have been the inspiration for the establishment of the cult to the Carian sky god.
The ruins of the South Propylon, a gate building with high Ionic marble columns built by Idreus (351-344 BC).
The ruins of the South Propylon, a gate building with high Ionic marble columns built by Idreus (351-344 BC).
The Oikoi Building built by Idrieus (351-344 BC), it possibly served as a Treasury, it had two rooms behind a marble portico with four doric columns.
The Oikoi Building built by Idrieus (351-344 BC), it possibly served as a Treasury, it had two rooms behind a marble portico with four doric columns.
The Temple Terrace, view from north-east, Sanctuary of Zeus Labraundos, Labraunda, Caria, Turkey
Overview of the Temple Terrace.

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