Alinda was an ancient inland city in Caria, located near the site of ancient Alabanda in western Turkey. Alinda is where the famous encounter between Alexander the Great and Ada of Caria occurred in 334 BC. With this event, Alinda made a dramatic appearance in the history of Caria. Alinda is recorded in Byzantine lists of bishoprics and is now a Latin Catholic titular bishopric.
Coordinates: 37° 33′ 30″ N, 27° 49′ 25″ E
The ruins of Alinda are situated on a hilltop overlooking a fertile plain above the village of Karpuzlu. Several parts of the city walls, the theatre and some of the towers are in good state of preservation but the most outstanding of Alinda’s ruins are the remains of the huge Hellenistic Agora. It is over 90 meters long and was originally composed of three-storeys, of which the lower two are well-preserved.
The Hellenistic theatre, retaining two galleries and most of its seats, is also in good state of preservation but mostly overrun by vegetation and olive trees. Facing south, the theatre gives an outstanding view over Karpuzlu and the valley below. It had a seating capacity of approximately 5,000 people.
At the summit of the hill stand an imposing two-storey Hellenistic watchtower, the foundations of a small temple as well as substantial remains of a Roman aqueduct supported by four arches.