In the Jordanian Wadi Rum, immediately west of the modern village of Wadi Ramm at the foot of the impressive cliffs of Jabal Rum, are the remains of a Nabataean temple. The temple was built during the reign of Nabataean King Aretas IV between 9 BC and AD 40 on the site an earlier Thamudic temple. It was dedicated to the goddess Allat (al-Lāt), the pre-Islamic Arabian goddess who equated with the Greek goddess Athena. Discovered in 1931, its plan is similar to other Nabataean temples, like the Winged Lions temple at Petra.
Excavations brought to light a rectangular podium, surrounded on three sides by a columns originally painted in red, blue, and yellow and side rooms. Latin inscriptions from the 3rd century AD show that the temple was still in use by the Romans long after their annexation. As well as being a cultic centre, the temple is thought to have also functioned as a civic and administrative centre. Behind the temple are the remains of a large complex of 20 rooms, probably built during the latest phase of the temple.
At the Lawrence’s Spring three kilometres away, are Nabataean inscriptions inscribed on the rock face.
Coordinates: 29°34’40.3″N 35°24’52.5″E