Longuich Villa Urbana

The Villa Urbana in the village of Longuich on the river Moselle is a partially reconstructed Roman villa urbana originating from the end of the 2nd century AD. It was situated on the road that connected Augusta Treverorum (Trier) and Mogontiacum (Mainz). Parts of the villa were excavated in 1984. Following the restoration to preserve the facility, portions of the villa were reconstructed.

The villa was built over a farmhouse at the end of the 2nd century AD. The complex originally measured about 28 x 110 metres. Its residential quarters were intended to serve the villa’s owner and to provide comforts similar to those of a city dwelling. These included features such as an enclosed peristyle, bathing facilities, summer and winter dining rooms, and decorative features such as wall paintings and mosaics. Today we can see the reconstruction of the left wing of the villa which housed the baths.

The bathing complex consisted of several rooms including the caldarium (hot bath), tepidarium (warm bath), sudatorium (steam bath), frigidarium (cold bath) as well as a latrine with a drainage channel (latrina). The walls were decorated with marble panels and glass mosaics and glazed windows. Underfloor (hypocaustum) and wall (tubuli) heating ensured pleasant temperatures.

A stone sarcophagus of the 4th century AD was found near the villa in which the skeleton of a youthful girl lay together with grave goods. The sarcophagus is believed to have belonged to a graveyard in the immediate vicinity of the villa.

Coordinates: 49° 48′ 11.74″ N, 6° 45′ 58.65″ E

PORTFOLIO

The Longuich Villa Urbana.
The Longuich Villa Urbana.
The interior of the bathing complex of the Longuich Villa Urbana.
The interior of the bath complex of the Longuich Villa Urbana with its original bathtub.
The interior of the bath complex of the Longuich Villa Urbana showing the heating system (hypocaust).
The courtyard of the villa urbana surrounded by a portico connecting the baths to the main residential building, which has not been excavated.
The Longuich Villa Urbana among vineyards.
The Longuich Villa Urbana.
The stone sarcophagus found near the villa in which the skeleton of a youthful girl lay.

The Saarland and Moselle Valley’s ancient Roman heritage has a lot to offer to tourists and scholars alike. More than 120 antique sights along the Moselle and the Saar rivers, the Saarland and Luxembourg are testament to the Gallo-Roman era north of the Alps (further information here).

Igel Column

The Igel Column is a multi-storeyed Roman sandstone funerary monument located on the left bank of the Moselle some 8 kilometres south of Trier. It is one of the best known Roman burial structures in Germany and the only Roman mausoleum north of the Alps still standing exactly where it was built some 1,700 years ago (“in situ”). Measuring 23 metres in height, it was richly decorated with mythological scenes and motifs from everyday life. The monument has impressed famous visitors such as Johann Wolfgang Goethe and Victor Hugo. Today the Igel column is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site which includes the Roman Monuments, the Cathedral of St. Peter and the Church of Our Lady in Trier.

Coordinates: 49° 42′ 33.12″ N, 6° 32′ 57.84″ E

The funerary monument was erected around 250 AD by two wealthy merchants of Celtic origin, the brothers Secundinius Aventinus and Secundinius Securus, for themselves and their deceased relatives. The monument of red and red-grey sandstone was richly adorned with reliefs depicting mythological scenes dealing with immortality (Achilles being dipped in the Styx, Perseus and Andromeda, the apotheosis of Hercules, Mars and Rhea Silvia, the Rape of Hylas), and the everyday life of the brothers who were engaged in the cloth trade (inspection, transport and sale of cloth, family meals). The originally coloured monument had the purpose to advertise the cloth business of the Secundinii family in the city of Augusta Treverorum (Trier). For the Secundinii, their social status was directly connected to their success in the textile industry. The monument was crowned by a sculpture showing Jupiter and Ganymede taken to Olympus by an eagle.

The Igel Column escaped destruction after the decline of the Roman Empire due to a misconception in the Middle Ages. A family scene depicted on the grave was interpreted as showing the marriage of Constantius Chlorus to Saint Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great. This mistake ultimately prevented the Roman monument from being torn down.

The reliefs on the four sides show traces of painting. A polychrome reconstruction of the column can be found in the Rheinisches Landesmuseum in Trier. The excavations did not reveal any human remains at the foot of the tomb.

PORTFOLIO

Th central relief depicting the brothers taking leave of a son of the Secundinii. In the medallions are three deceased family members. It has a partially preserved inscription.
South side, central relief depicting Hercules driving a four-horse chariot up to the heavens where Minerva welcomes him. The scene is surrounded by signs of the Zodiac and allegorical representations of the four winds.
West side, lower relief depicting mules pulling a four-wheeled chariot cart laden transporting bales of cloth.
Polychrome reconstruction of the column (detail).
The top of the Igel Column. It was crowned by the sculptural group of Jupiter and Ganymede
Detail of reliefs on the Igel Column, some depicting scenes of textile preparation and finishing.
Reconstruction of the Igel Column with original painting in the Rheinisches Landesmuseum in Trier (imageBROKER).
The base of the Igel Column depicting marine and inland navigation scenes.
The Igel Column.

The Saarland and Mosel Valley’s ancient Roman heritage has a lot to offer to tourists and scholars alike. More than 120 antique sights along the Moselle and the Saar rivers, the Saarland and Luxembourg are testament to the Gallo-Roman era north of the Alps (further information here).

The tomb area is not fenced and can therefore be visited around the clock. Admission is free.

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