Verige Roman Villa

The Verige Roman Villa is a villa rustica located in the bay of Verige off the coast of Istria, within Croatia’s Brijuni National Park. The Brijuni archipelago includes 14 small islands famous for their scenic beauty. In Roman times, numerous villae rusticae adorned the coast of these islands, referred to by Pliny the Elder as Insulae Pullariae. The villa’s construction began in the 1st century BC, reaching its heyday in the 1st century AD. Some parts of the estate were used until the 6th century.

Coordinates: 44°54’35.5″N 13°46’25.9″E

The fall of the Illyrian capital of Nesactium in 177 BC marked the onset of a long period of Roman rule, which brought considerable economic, social and cultural changes to the entire Istrian peninsula, including the Brijuni Islands. The Roman navy found on the Brijuni Islands a safe and natural shelter. The Romans built many luxurious summer residences and palaces where they could relax and live from the products they produced.

The senatorial Laecanii family owned the villa and probably came under imperial ownership in the 2nd half of the 1st century AD. It is said to be among the three most luxurious villas in the Roman Empire, alongside a Villa in Pompeii and another one on the island of Capri. The villa consisted of several buildings of residential and economic character situated in different parts of the bay. The villa also had a library, three-level terraces and huge gardens. The whole complex covered an area of over six hectares.

Along with the luxurious villa, constituent parts of the complex also included three temples (to the sea god Neptune, the Capitoline Triad and the goddess Venus) and a palaestra. All these buildings were connected by colonnaded promenades stretching one kilometre along the sea, in harmony with the landscape. The other areas dedicated to production activities and the thermae were on the other side of the bay.

This villa was lavishly decorated with mosaic floors, frescoes, stucco decorations, and precious marble.

PORTFOLIO

1924 artistic reconstruction of the Roman Villa in the Bay of Verige.
1924 artistic reconstruction of the Verige Roman Villa.
Roman Villa in the Bay of Verige
The foundations of the Verige Roman Villa.

Brijuni coastal villa and residential area reconstruction (BEGOVIĆ DVORŽAK, 1990).
Brijuni coastal villa and residential area reconstruction
(BEGOVIĆ DVORŽAK, 1990).
The Temple of Venus.
The Temple of Venus.

The ruins of the Temple of Venus.

The Temple of Venus.
The Temple of Venus.
The columns of the Temple of Venus.
The columns of the Temple of Venus.
The ruins of one of the monumental porticoes facing the bay.
The ruins of one of the monumental porticoes facing the bay.
The production part of the Villa.
The production part of the Villa.
The Thermae.
The Thermae.
The Thermae.
The Thermae.

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Burnum

Burnum is a Roman Legionary camp located nearby the natural beauties of the Krka National park. The camp was erected at the turn of the new era at a strategically important position from which the Romans could control the crossing over the Krka river, called Titius in Roman times.

Coordinates: 44°01’08.3″N 16°01’05.3″E

Burnum

Burnum was once the camp of the Eleventh Legion of the Roman army (Claudia Pia Fidelis) from 42 AD, and was succeeded in 69 AD by the Fourth Legion (Flavia Felix). Auxiliary units (cohorts) were also stationed here. Epigraphic monuments indicate that during Hadrian’s era (CIL III 2828), in 118 AD, Burnum became a municipium (municipium Burnistarum) and the population grew around the camp.

Visitors today can see the arches of the headquarters (praetorium) of the camp and the only military amphitheatre in Croatia. Weapons, tools and objects of everyday use belonging to soldiers and civilian inhabitants are on display in the new Burnum museum (open to the public since 2010).

PORtFOLIO

Arches of the Burnum principium (or Forum)
The arches of the headquarters (praetorium) of the legionary camp.
The military Amphitheatre, Burnum legionary camp, Dalmatia
The military amphitheatre of Burnum legionary camp. It acquired its definite form in 76-77 AD when the inscription of Vespasian was placed on the facade of the southern entrance, marking the completion of the construction.
The military amphitheatre of Burnum legionary camp.
The military amphitheatre of Burnum legionary camp.
The remains of the training camp of Burnum.
The remains of the training camp of Burnum.
Contruction drawing of the legionary camp of Burnum.
Contruction drawing of the legionary camp of Burnum.
The arches of the headquarters (praetorium) of the legionary camp of Burnum.
The arches of the headquarters (praetorium) of the legionary camp of Burnum.

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